Over the past century increasing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have become the main driver for global climate change. In response to the corresponding increased downward infrared radiation, the earth’s surface warms, Arctic sea-ice retreats, sea level rises, climate and weather patterns shift. The absorption of anthropogenic CO2 by the ocean has affected ocean chemistry, leading to Ocean Acidification and fish-hypercapnia. To cope and adapt to the resulting environmental and ecological changes, humanity needs robust estimates of both, forced climate change and internally generated variability on global and regional scales.
Many decisions on adaption and mitigation need to be made over the next decades to limit climate damage costs and prevent long-term irreversible loss of coastlines, human livelihoods and ecosystems. Making such decisions has proven difficult, in particular in the context of the prevailing uncertainties in our physical understanding of the climate system. Some of the most persistent uncertainties are related to the overall sensitivity of our earth system to greenhouse gas forcing, cloud-feedbacks, regional patterns of future rainfall changes, the nature of carbon cycle/climate feedbacks, potential ice-sheet thresholds and the magnitude of the projected global and regional sea-level rise. Addressing these scientific challenges requires a concerted multi-disciplinary effort.
TheIBS Center for Climate Physics (ICCP) will provide a world-class international research environment to improve our basic understanding of climate and its variability, to develop new research frontiers in earth system science and to perform skillful decadal earth system forecasts and improved longterm projections by means of high-performance computer simulations.
The fundamental research outcome of our center will be a leap in the understanding of the physics of the earth system, its feedbacks, instabilities and sensitivities on a wide range of timescales (from weather to glacial cycles) and in response to a number of forcings. We will generate scientific knowledge that can help policymakers and the general public make informed decisions on how to cope and respond to the emerging threat of global and regional climate change, sea level rise and ocean acidification.
Pusan National University
ICCP Director Axel Timmermann receives Milutin Milankovic Medal of the European Geosciences Union